Napoleon’s Retreat from Moscow 1812

In 1812 Napoleon invaded Russia with the largest army Europe had ever seen. But after winning a costly victory at Borodino and occupying Moscow, Napoleon’s invitation to Russian Emperor Alexander to make peace met with no response. Napoleon now found himself 500 miles from friendly territory, outnumbered, poorly supplied, and with winter approaching. What followed was one of the most harrowing and disastrous events in military history – the Retreat from Moscow – in which Russian attacks, freezing weather and starvation virtually wiped out the once-proud Grande Armée.