Why the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict is flaring up again | DW News

Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan flared up again on Monday night, with both sides reporting intense artillery shelling. At around midnight, Azerbaijani forces shelled Armenian troops at three locations along the border. Azerbaijan said it was responding to a buildup of Armenian landmines and weapons near the border. Armenia fired back in retaliation.

The fighting took place near the Nagorno-Karabakh region, an area within Azerbaijan where ethnic Armenian separatists declared a breakaway republic — later known as Artsakh — in 1991. At a press briefing early on Tuesday, Armenian defense spokesperson Aram Torosyan said the situation remains “extremely tense” as fighting continues. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan later told parliament that “For the moment, we have 49 [troops] killed and unfortunately it’s not the final figure.”

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